Buildings in city against sky during winter
Buildings in city against sky during winter

Protecting Your Home from the Impact of Bad Weather on Roofs

Parts of the southeastern US, particularly Florida and Georgia, routinely experience high heat and humidity, but can also experience unpredictable severe weather, ranging from heavy rains and high winds to extreme heat and occasional hailstorms. Understanding the Impact of Bad Weather on Roofs is crucial.

As a homeowner, it’s helpful to be aware of both the normal wear and tear and severe weather damages that might impact your roof.

Bad Weather and Your Roof

Most homeowners spend little time thinking about the condition of their roof – it’s typically “out of sight, out of mind.” But when bad weather strikes, it’s important to know if your roof is still in good condition so it can continue protecting your home and family.

Here’s how some of the southeast’s weather can cause problems for your roof.

Heavy Rains

Heavy rains are a common occurrence in Florida and Georgia, especially during the hurricane season. While rain itself may not directly damage your roof, it can exacerbate existing issues such as missing shingles or cracked tiles. Water can seep into these vulnerabilities, leading to leaks and water damage inside your home. Over time, prolonged exposure to moisture can cause mold and mildew growth, which can compromise the structural integrity of your roof.

High Winds

Impact of Bad Weather on Roofs

High winds are another significant threat to roofs in the South. Strong gusts can lift and displace shingles, tiles, and even sections of your gutter system, leaving your roof exposed to further damage. The impact of bad weather on roofs is evident, as in severe cases, wind can cause structural damage to the roof’s frame.


Hailstorms, though less frequent, can cause immediate and noticeable damage to your roof. Hailstones can dent, crack, or puncture roofing materials, leading to weakened shingles and potential leaks. The impact of hail can also strip away the protective granules on shingles, reducing their lifespan.

Extreme Heat

Intense heat can cause significant wear and tear on your roof. High temperatures can cause shingles to curl, buckle, or crack, making them more susceptible to damage from other weather conditions. Additionally, the heat can cause the roof’s materials to expand and contract, leading to further degradation.

Hurricanes and Tropical Storms

Hurricanes are a major concern for homeowners in the South. The combination of heavy rains, high winds, and flying debris can cause extensive damage to your roof. Hurricanes can rip off shingles, tiles, and even entire sections of the roof, leaving your home exposed to the elements.

Different Roofing Types & Bad Weather

When it comes to protecting your home from the elements, especially in the South where severe weather is common, understanding the impact of bad weather on roofs and choosing the right roofing material is crucial. Here’s how different roofing types perform in bad weather conditions:

Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles are the most common roofing material in the U.S. They offer decent protection against various weather conditions, but they do have some limitations:

  • Wind Resistance: Standard asphalt shingles can typically withstand winds up to 60-90 mph. However, in areas prone to hurricanes or strong storms, higher-grade shingles rated for winds up to 130 mph may be necessary.
  • Heat Resistance: While asphalt shingles can handle heat, prolonged exposure to extreme temperatures can cause them to deteriorate faster, especially in very hot, dry climates.
  • Rain and Moisture: Asphalt shingles generally perform well in rainy conditions, but they can be susceptible to algae growth in humid climates.

Metal Roofs

metal roof

Metal roofs are gaining popularity due to their durability and weather resistance:

  • Wind Resistance: Metal roofs can withstand winds up to 160 mph, making them an excellent choice for hurricane-prone areas.
  • Heat Reflection: Metal roofs reflect sunlight, helping to keep homes cooler in hot climates.
  • Rain and Moisture: Metal roofs are highly water-resistant and can effectively shed rain and snow.
  • Hail Resistance: While not completely impervious, metal roofs generally hold up well against hail damage.

Tile Roofs

Clay and concrete tile roofs are a popular choice in the South, particularly in coastal areas:

  • Wind Resistance: Properly installed clay tiles can withstand high winds, with some systems rated for winds up to 180 mph.
  • Heat Resistance: Clay tiles naturally reflect heat, helping to keep homes cooler in hot climates.
  • Rain and Moisture: Tiles are highly water-resistant and perform well in rainy conditions.
  • Hurricane Resistance: Tiles are heavy, which helps them resist uplift during hurricanes.

Flat Roofs

Flat roofs are less common in residential properties but are frequently seen in commercial and industrial buildings. While they have certain advantages, their performance in severe weather conditions varies:

  • Wind Resistance: Flat roofs can be highly resistant to wind if they are designed and installed correctly. However, improper installation or cheaper materials can lead to vulnerabilities during high winds.
  • Heat Resistance: Flat roofs often have a protective layer that can reflect sunlight, but they tend to retain more heat compared to sloped roofs.
  • Rain and Moisture: One of the primary concerns with flat roofs is drainage. Unlike sloped roofs, water can pool on flat roofs leading to leaks and water damage if the drainage system is not properly maintained.
  • Hail and Debris: Flat roofs do not perform as well against hail or flying debris compared to pitched roofs, as the blunt impact can cause more surface damage.

When choosing a roofing material for your home, consider the specific weather challenges in your area and consult with a local roofing company to determine the best option for your specific needs.

Protecting Your Roof

Given the variety of weather conditions that can impact your roof, it’s essential to take proactive measures to protect it. Here are some tips to help safeguard your roof:

  • Schedule regular roof inspections to identify and address any potential issues before they become major problems.
  • Keep your roof well-maintained by cleaning gutters, removing debris, and repairing any issues promptly.
  • Invest in high-quality roofing materials that are designed to withstand severe weather conditions.
  • Hire experienced roofing contractors to handle repairs and replacements to ensure the job is done correctly.
  • Before storm season, secure loose items around your home and trim overhanging branches to minimize potential damage.

How to Know If Your Roof Has Been Damaged

Identifying roof damage is crucial for maintaining the integrity of your home. Here are some key steps to help you determine if your roof has been damaged:

  • At least twice a year and after severe weather events, visually inspect your roof from the ground using binoculars. Look for missing, cracked, or curling shingles, as well as any obvious signs of damage
  • Examine your attic for signs of water intrusion, such as water stains, mold, or dampness. These can indicate a leak in your roof.
  • Water stains on ceilings or walls, peeling paint, or bubbling wallpaper can all be indicators of roof damage allowing moisture to seep into your home
  • Check for an accumulation of granules in your gutters or around downspouts. Excessive granule loss can indicate that your shingles are deteriorating
  • On a sunny day, enter your attic and look for any spots where daylight is coming through the roof boards. This can indicate holes or gaps in your roofing
  • Check for sagging. A sagging roof is a serious issue that requires immediate attention. Look at the roof lines from the ground to see if they appear straight or if there are any dips or curves
  • After severe weather, check for signs of wind or hail damage, such as missing shingles, dents in metal components, or debris on the roof
  • Monitor your energy bills. An unexpected increase in heating or cooling costs could indicate poor roof ventilation or insulation issues related to roof damage
  • Look for moss or algae growth. While not always indicative of damage, excessive moss or algae growth can lead to moisture retention and eventual roof deterioration
  • If you’re unsure or suspect damage, it’s best to have a professional roofing contractor perform a thorough inspection. They can safely access all areas of the roof and identify issues that may not be visible from the ground.

Remember, early detection of roof damage can prevent more extensive and costly repairs down the line. If you notice any of these signs, it’s important to address them promptly to maintain the integrity of your roof and protect your home.

Your Lakeland Roofers

From roof maintenance to roof inspections, the pros at Stronghold Roofing & Solar in Lakeland have the knowledge and experience to meet all your roofing needs. Contact us today for a free roof estimate!

From roof maintenance to roof inspections, the pros at Stronghold Roofing & Solar in Lakeland understand the impact of bad weather on roofs and have the knowledge and experience to meet all your roofing needs. Contact us today for a free roof estimate!

FAQ’s – Impact of Bad Weather on Roofs

Is hail more damaging to flat roofs or sloped roofs?

Hail can be damaging to both types of roofs, but typically has a more significant impact on flat roofs due to their lack of slope and increased vulnerability to blunt force impact.

How can I protect my roof during hurricane season?

Before hurricane season, it’s important to have your roof inspected and make any necessary repairs. Additionally, consider investing in hurricane straps or other reinforcement measures to improve your roof’s wind resistance.

How can I protect my roof during hurricane season?

Before hurricane season, it’s important to have your roof inspected and make any necessary repairs. Additionally, consider investing in hurricane straps or other reinforcement measures to improve your roof’s wind resistance.

Can strong winds cause damage to my roof?

Yes, strong winds can cause damage to roofs by lifting shingles or other roofing materials and creating gaps for water to enter. It’s essential to have a properly installed and maintained roof to withstand high winds.

What should I do if I suspect my roof has been damaged?

If you suspect your roof has been damaged, contact a professional roofing contractor for an inspection. They will be able to identify any issues and recommend the best course of action for repairs or replacements. 

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Did you know it’s recommended that you get a roof inspected by a professional at least once per year? Our expert contractors can spot issues like cracked tiles, blistering shingles, loose materials or debris, and soft spots on your roof. It’s essential these issues are taken care of promptly to prevent further issues down the road. Let us drop by and check your roof from any unseen problems. Fill out the contact form below to schedule your inspection.